According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1.4 million people suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year in the United States. Of these, 500,000 require hospitalization and 50,000 people die from brain trauma each year. The Brain Injury Association of Georgia lists TBI as the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults.
An experienced Clayton County brain injury lawyer at the Law Office of Shane Smith can pursue a Georgia personal injury claim.
The CDC estimates that at least 5.3 million people require long-term care resulting from a TBI sustained in an accident. These accidents may cause head injuries and damage to the skull or brain. They vary in severity from bumps and bruises to loss of consciousness or memory.
Causes of TBI
Incidents that involve physical shock to the head can disrupt or alter normal brain activity. Common causes of TBI include slips and falls, auto accidents (including pedestrian accidents), jostling events, battery or criminal assault and physical activity such as playing a sport.
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control lists the following incidents as the most common TBI causes:
- Slips and falls—These are responsible for almost 28 percent of TBI incidents every year. These are sometimes sustained due to another person's negligence and may involve striking one's head on the ground or having something fall on a person. Slips and falls are the most common cause of TBI in children under four years old and seniors over 75 years old.
- Automobile vehicle accidents—These account for 20 percent of brain injuries and may be sustained even if an air bag is deployed.
- Jostling events (struck by/against)—Sometimes caused by auto accidents, jostling events are those where a collision occurs between the head and a moving or stationary object. These account for 19 percent of TBI incidents.
- Battery or criminal assaults—Physically violent incidents account for 11 percent of brain injuries.
Identifying and classifying TBI
Brain injuries are usually classified as mild, moderate or severe; the division between the classifications is usually the length of time that the victim experiences the symptoms.
Over 90 percent of all TBI are considered mild and often are sustained as concussions. A mild brain injury is when a victim has a loss of consciousness or becomes disoriented or confused for less than 30 minutes. Symptoms may include motor deficiencies, headaches, memory lapses, difficulty understanding instructions, problems focusing attention and unexpected mood swings.
Victims with moderate TBI may have a loss of consciousness anywhere between 15 minutes and several hours followed by varying periods of headaches or confusion.
Severe brain injuries often result in a loss of consciousness for more than 30 minutes and/or a loss of memory for more than 24 hours. These may include motor function impairment, short- or long-term memory lapses, slurred speech and difficulty with vocabulary, vision problems, seizures or loss of consciousness resulting in a coma.
The Law Offices of Shane Smith will aggressively pursue a brain injury case to get fair compensation for the victim. Call Clayton County brain injury lawyer Shane Smith at 770-HURT-999 today.