Any part of the body may be injured in a car crash. However, the body parts that most commonly sustain injury are the back, neck, head (and brain), arms, and legs. We’ve listed some common injuries, their symptoms, and treatments.
Back and Neck Injuries
Whiplash – Whiplash, neck sprain or neck strain is an injury to the soft tissues of the neck caused by the jarring of the neck in a car crash. It is the single most common car wreck- related injury. Whiplash often feels like stiffness or a dull ache, but other symptoms may be present. Treatment includes heat therapy, pain relievers, rest and physical therapy. Most victims recover quickly.
Herniated Disc – Sudden jolts or impacts can cause spinal discs to move out of their proper position leading to numbness and/or pain. Symptoms include electric shock pain, tingling and numbness, muscle weakness and even bowel or bladder problems. Herniated discs may cause pinched nerves. Treatment can include medications, rest, physical therapy and surgery.
Pinched nerves – The trauma of an accident may squeeze nerves causing weakless, tingling and numbness, or radiating pain in arms, legs, hand or feet. Most patients can be treated with medication and physical therapy. Some require surgery.
Spinal cord trauma – Trauma to the spinal cord may be very serious. Symptoms may include pain, numbness, sensory changes, loss of bowel and bladder control, spasticity, breathing difficulties and paralysis. The damage may be permanent. Victims may require surgery. Often extensive physical therapy, occupational therapy and rehabilitation are needed.
Head Trauma and Brain Injury
Facial injuries – Common injuries to the face include bruises, cuts, dental injuries, fractures and temporomandibular joint injuries (TMJ). Injuries can be superficial or severe. Some injuries may require surgery.
Brain injuries – Common brain injuries include concussion, post-concussion syndrome, closed head injury, and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Symptoms vary depending on the part of the brain that is injured, but may include loss of consciousness, dizziness, nausea, vertigo, sensory difficulties, speech problems, personality changes and many other symptoms. Effects may be permanent. Victims often need extensive rehabilitation.
Arm and Leg Injuries
Broken bones – Many broken bones require orthopedic treatment. Sometimes broken bones will need surgery. Victims may require physical therapy to regain strength and movement once the bone heals.
Knee damage – Symptoms may include pain, swelling and difficulty bearing weight. Treatment may include rest, icing, physical therapy and surgery.
Torn Rotator Cuffs – A torn rotator cuff occurs from a sudden jarring injury the upper arm joint. Symptoms include pain and weakness in the arm. Treatment includes rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, medication, physical therapy, and surgery.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – Victims of trauma often experience post-traumatic stress disorder. Symptoms may occur immediately after the event or up to a year later, and include flashbacks, anxiety, mood changes, lack of interest in normal activities, and avoidance of family and friends. Victims require psychological treatment and may need medication.
We can help
Few things are worse than dealing with the aftermath of an Georgia car accident. If you’ve missed work, you may be worried about paying the bills – both your regular bills and the medical bills. You may be in pain and need on-going medical care. And, you must deal with insurance companies, both your own insurance company and that of the other driver. A lawyer can help.
Attorney Shane Smith can deal with the insurance companies on your behalf and help relieve the financial stress. If you’ve been a victim of an Atlanta traffic accident, contact us today. We can help.